Plastic bottles make life so much easier. They’re lightweight and easy to hold, and they’re also strong and hard to break. A plastic bottle is the best way to contain and carry many kinds of liquid, from water and soft drinks to oil to household cleaners and baby formula. The plastic bottle is a great invention, but what happens to it when that handy container is empty?
Approximately 100 million plastic bottles are used and discarded every day, with 80% of them simply becoming non-biodegradable litter. While it is convenient to consume drinks straight out of plastic bottles, the trash that is accumulated in the process takes a huge toll on the health of our environment. Plastic water bottles have a significant carbon footprint, with the amount of water going into making a bottle being up to three times what’s inside the bottle. Also, bottles used to package water take over 1,000 years to bio-degrade and, if incinerated, produce toxic fumes.
As plastic never decays, recycling and reuse of plastics is the best away to make environment safe. Recycling takes many steps. First, the bottles have to be collected from homes, businesses, and other sites. Then, every plastic bottle must be separated from metal, glass, and other things that people put into recycle bins. The plastic bottles are also sorted by the type of plastic they’re made from. After that, the bottles are cleaned by removing any food, liquid, or chemical residue.
Next, all of the bottles are ground up and shredded into flakes. Finally, they are melted down and formed into small pellets, each about the size of a grain of rice. The pellets are bundled up and sold to companies that can be melt them and make them into many different products.
Recycling reduces the pollution that can come from the chemicals used to make these bottles. It also helps cut down on the amount of trash thrown into landfills so our garbage doesn’t take up much space. It also creates jobs for people who collect recyclable things and work at places that turn them into new materials. In addition, plastic recycling is a big industry nowadays.